Arachis hypogaea Linn

Family ► Papilionaceae; Fabaceae

Habitat ► Native to Brazil, but widely grown for its pods in southern India, Maharashtra and Gujarat.

English ► Groundnut, Peanut, Monkeynut.

Ayurvedic ► Mandapi, Tailamudga, Bhuumimudga.

Unani ► Moongphali.

Siddha/Tamil ► Nelakadalai, Verkadalai.

Action ► Kernels—contain protease inhibitors. Peanut skin— haemostatic.

There is a haemostatic principle in the peanut flour, which is said to improve the condition of haemophiliacs. The protease inhibitor acts on the fib-rinolytic system, primarily as an an-tiplasmin. It is reported to form complexes not only with the enzymes, but also with the corresponding zymogens.

The peanut (red) skin contains bio-flavonoids, which possess vitamin-P activity; tannins; a lipoxidase and a protease inhibitor. Capric acid, obtained from the (red) skin, showed antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger.

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