Anisochilus carnosus Wall

Family ► Labiatae; Lamiaceae.

Habitat ► The western Himalayas, Central and southern India.

Folk ► Karpuravalli (southern region).

Action ► Stimulant, expectorant and diaphoretic. Juice of fresh leaves is used in urticaria and other allergic conditions; a domestic remedy for coughs and cold. Alcoholic extract of the whole plant—antibacterial. Essential oil—antitubercular.

The oil exhibits antihistaminic property in vitro on smooth muscles of the uterus and the intestines. It also possesses muscle-relaxant action; bactericidal and fungicidal properties. The

Annona squamosa Linn. 53

leaves contain glucosides of luteolin and apigenin.

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