Anchusa italica Retz

Family ► Boraginaceae.

Habitat ► Indian gardens, and hills.

English ► Cow's Tongue Plant.

Ayurvedic ► Gojihvikaa (considered as a vegetable, equated with Launaea asplenifolia Hook. f., Compositae, Asteraceae.) Unani Gaozabaan is a different drug.

Unani ► Gaozabaan. (Now equated with species of Boraginaceae, particularly Borago officinalis Linn. Imported Unani drug Gaozabaan consists of the leaves and nutlets of Anchusa strigosa Labill and Echium amoenum Fisch. and Mey.)

Action ► Stimulant, tonic, demulcent; used in bilious complaints, fever, cough, asthma; as diuretic in bladder and kidney stones. Oil—a rich source of vitamin E (0.72%), more than that of wheat-germ oil (0.18%). The nutlets show positive tests for alkaloids and tannins. The flowers yield anthocyanins and the leafy stems yield bornesitol.

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