Family ► Bromeliaceae.
Habitat ► Native to South America; cultivated mostly in Tamil Nadu, coastal Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Karnataka, West Bengal, Tripura and Orissa.
English ► Pineapple.
Ayurvedic ► Anaanaasa, Bahunetra.
Siddha/Tamil ► Annanshippazham, Annasi.
Action ► Anti-inflammatory (fresh juice used as a gargle for sore throat). A proteolytic enzyme, bromelain, is derived from the stem—anti-inflammatory, smooth muscle relaxant, digester, inhibitor of blood platelet aggregation. (It is used for cellulitis, post-operative oedema, sinusitis and for promoting digestion of proteins.)
Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat ► The Nilgiri Hills at 2,1002,500 m.
Ayurvedic ► Raktaskandana.
Folk ► Kaatplaaster (Nilgiri hills).
Action ► Antiseptic. Fresh leaves are bruised and applied to wounds and cuts as plaster.
An acyl flavonoid glycoside, ana-phaloside, along with isoquercitrin and astragalin, has been isolated from the flowers of a related sp. Anaphalis contorta, used as an antibacterial and styptic.
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