Anaphalis neelgerriana DC

Family ► Bromeliaceae.

Habitat ► Native to South America; cultivated mostly in Tamil Nadu, coastal Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Karnataka, West Bengal, Tripura and Orissa.

English ► Pineapple.

Ayurvedic ► Anaanaasa, Bahunetra.

Siddha/Tamil ► Annanshippazham, Annasi.

Action ► Anti-inflammatory (fresh juice used as a gargle for sore throat). A proteolytic enzyme, bromelain, is derived from the stem—anti-inflammatory, smooth muscle relaxant, digester, inhibitor of blood platelet aggregation. (It is used for cellulitis, post-operative oedema, sinusitis and for promoting digestion of proteins.)

Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.

Habitat ► The Nilgiri Hills at 2,1002,500 m.

Ayurvedic ► Raktaskandana.

Folk ► Kaatplaaster (Nilgiri hills).

Action ► Antiseptic. Fresh leaves are bruised and applied to wounds and cuts as plaster.

An acyl flavonoid glycoside, ana-phaloside, along with isoquercitrin and astragalin, has been isolated from the flowers of a related sp. Anaphalis contorta, used as an antibacterial and styptic.

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