Family ► Zingiberaceae.
Habitat ► North Bengal and Assam.
English ► Bengal Cardamom, Cardamom.
Siddha/Tamil ► Perelam.
Folk ► Morang-elaaichi.
Action ► Similar to that of A. subula-tum.
The seeds yield on essential oil (1.01.2%) containing cineole as the principal constituent.
Chinese practitioners avoid the use of cardamom in conditions marked by symptoms of excessive heat.
Unani ► Heel Kalaan, Qaaqule Kubaar.
Siddha/Tamil ► Peria Elam, Kattu Elam, Beraelam.
Action ► Stomachic, antiemetic, an-tibilious, astringent, alexipharmic; used for the treatment of indigestion, biliousness, abdominal pains, vomiting, in congestion of liver. Pericarp—in headache and stomatitis.
The seeds contain a chalcone (carda-monin), a flavonoid (alpinetin), petu-nidin-3, 5-diglucoside and leucocyani-din glucocide; also a aurone glycoside subulin. The essential oil (2.5%) contains cineole.
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