Amaranthus tricolor Linn

Synonym ► A. gangeticus Linn. A. melancholicus Linn. A. polygamus Linn. Hook. f. in part. A. tristis Linn.

Family ► Amaranthaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated throughout India.

English ► Chinese Spinach, Garden Amaranth, Fountain Plant.

Ayurvedic ► Maarisha-rakta (red var.).

Siddha/Tamil ► Arai-keerai, Siru-keerai, Thandu-keerai, Mulakkerai (Tamil).

Folk ► Laal Shaak, Laal Marashaa.

Action ► Astringent (in menorrhagia, leucorrhoea, dysentery, diarrhoea, haemorrhagic colitis); also used in cough, bronchitis and consumption; externally emollient.

The plant contains amarantin, isoa-marantin, betaine, amino acids, sterols.

Dosage ► Leaf, seed, root—10-20 ml juice. (API Vol. III.) Powder—2-4 g. (CCRAS.)

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