Allium porrum Linn

Family ► Liliaceae, Alliaceae.

Habitat ► Native to the Mediterranean region; cultivated in India.

Folk ► Vilaayati Piyaaz. Praan (Kashmir). Seemevangayam (Tamil Nadu).

Action ► Expectorant; used as a substitute for garlic.

Leek is poor in volatile oil content in comparison with garlic, but it contains sufficient amounts of non-toxic sapo-nins, which perhaps give it expectorant properties.

The bulbs contain several thiosul-phinates, and also potentially anticar-cinogenic flavonoids, quercetin and kaempferol.

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