Ailanthus excelsa Roxb

Family ► Simaroubaceae.

Habitat ► Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Orissa and southern India.

English ► Tree of Heaven, Maharukh.

Ayurvedic ► Aralu, Katvanga, Dirghavranta, Puutivrksha, Bhallu-ka. (Mahaanimba is a synonym of Melia azedarach Linn.)

Siddha ► Perru, Perumaruttu, Peruppi.

Synonym ► A. altissima (Mill.) Swingle

Family ► Simaroubaceae.

Habitat ► Native of China and Japan. Found in the hills of northern India up to an altitude of 2,400 m.

English ► Tree of Heaven, Ailanto.

Action ► Bark—astringent, anti-spasmodic, parasiticidal, narcotic, cardiac depressant (exercises powerful depressing influence on nervous system similar to that of tobacco).

28 Ailanthus malabarica DC.

Leaves produce dermatitis; their accumulation in well-water produces chronic gastritis.

Many quassinoids and ailanthone derivatives are vermifuge and amoe-bicidal. Constituents of the bark and stem, particularly ailanthone, have an-timalarial activity in vitro against Plasmodium falciparum and in mice against P. berghei. (Alkaloids do not appear to have these properties.) Some quassi-noids are antineoplastic, and are reported to have antileukaemic properties.

The rootbark is used in traditional Chinese medicine for dysentery and leucorrhoea. In Africa, rootbark is used in epilepsy.

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  • ritva styrman
    What is putranjiva plant used in epilepsy?
    8 years ago

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