Ailanthus excelsa Roxb

Family ► Simaroubaceae.

Habitat ► Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Orissa and southern India.

English ► Tree of Heaven, Maharukh.

Ayurvedic ► Aralu, Katvanga, Dirghavranta, Puutivrksha, Bhallu-ka. (Mahaanimba is a synonym of Melia azedarach Linn.)

Siddha ► Perru, Perumaruttu, Peruppi.

Synonym ► A. altissima (Mill.) Swingle

Family ► Simaroubaceae.

Habitat ► Native of China and Japan. Found in the hills of northern India up to an altitude of 2,400 m.

English ► Tree of Heaven, Ailanto.

Action ► Bark—astringent, anti-spasmodic, parasiticidal, narcotic, cardiac depressant (exercises powerful depressing influence on nervous system similar to that of tobacco).

28 Ailanthus malabarica DC.

Leaves produce dermatitis; their accumulation in well-water produces chronic gastritis.

Many quassinoids and ailanthone derivatives are vermifuge and amoe-bicidal. Constituents of the bark and stem, particularly ailanthone, have an-timalarial activity in vitro against Plasmodium falciparum and in mice against P. berghei. (Alkaloids do not appear to have these properties.) Some quassi-noids are antineoplastic, and are reported to have antileukaemic properties.

The rootbark is used in traditional Chinese medicine for dysentery and leucorrhoea. In Africa, rootbark is used in epilepsy.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Herbs 101

Herbs 101

Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?

Get My Free Ebook


  • ritva styrman
    What is putranjiva plant used in epilepsy?
    8 years ago

Post a comment