Agaricus campestris Linn

Synonym ► A. caryophyllata G. Don

Family ► Apocynaceae.

Habitat ► Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu; often cultivated in Indian gardens.

Ayurvedic ► Madhumaalati.

Action ► Antiseptic; anodyne (an ingredient in massage oils for paraplegia, neuralgia, sciatica); also anthelmintic and emetic.

The leaves contain quercetin, kaem-pferol and phenolic acids. Shoot tips and flower buds contain tannin.

Aganosma calycina A. DC. is also equated with Madhumaalati.

Family ► Agaricaceae.

Habitat ► Punjab, Asia Minor.

English ► Purging Agaric.

Unani ► Gharaiqoon; also equated with Fomes officinalis (Vill. ex Fr.) Lloyd.

Action ► Diuretic, laxative, deob-structant, expectorant; purgative and emetic in large doses; used in the treatment of night sweats in phthisis, and as a supporting drug for asthma.

Synonym ► Psalliota campestris (Linn.) Fr.

Family ► Agaricaceae.

Habitat ► The fungi is distributed in many parts of India, particularly on the hills and plains of northern and eastern India. Grows during the rainy weather on dead organic matter, e.g. rotting leaves and manure.

English ► Field mushroom, Edible mushroom.

Ayurvedic ► Chhatraka, Bhuumi-chhatra.

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