Aconitum heterophyllum

Wall. ex Royle.

Family ► Ranunculaceae.

Habitat ► The alpine Himalayas from Sikkim to Garhwal and Assam.

English ► Indian Aconite, Wolfsbane, Monkshood.

Ayurvedic ► Vatsanaabha, Visha, Amrita, Vajraanga, Sthaavaravisha, Vatsanaagaka, Shrangikavisha, Garala.

Siddha/Tamil ► Vasanaavi, Karunaab-hi.

Folk ► Bacchanaag, Bish, Mithaa Zahar, Telia Visha.

Action ► Narcotic, sedative, antilepro-tic, anti-inflammatory. Extremely poisonous. (Roots possess depressant activity, but after mitigation in cow's milk for 2-3 days, they exhibit stimulant activity.)

Key application ► In neuralgia. (Aconitum napellus L. has been listed by German Commission E among unapproved herbs.)

The root contains diterpenoid alkaloids, which act as a powerful poison that affects the heart and central nervous system. Aconitine has a shortlived cardiotonic action followed by

Habitat ► Cultivated at Manali and Rahla in Himachal Pradesh. Also found in northwestern Himalayas at altitudes ranging from 2,000 to 4,000 m.

English ► Atis Root, Aconite.

Ayurvedic ► Ativishaa, Arunaa, Vishaa, Shuklakandaa, Bhanguraa, Ghunapriyaa, Ghunavallabhaa, Kaashmiraa, Shishubhaishajyaa (indicating its use in paediatrics), Vishwaa.

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