Acacia suma Buch Ham

Synonym ► A. verek Guillem and Perr.

Family ► Mimosaceae.

Habitat ► Native to Sudan. Cultivated in dry parts of western India.

English ► Gum arabic tree.

Ayurvedic ► Shveta Babbuula.

Action ► The tree yields the true Gum arabic of commerce. Mucilaginous, demulcent, emulsifying agent. Used as an ingredient in compounds for treatment of diarrhoea, catarrh.

Synonym ► A. polycantha Willd.

Family ► Mimosaceae.

Habitat ► West Bengal, Bihar, western peninsula.

Ayurvedic ► Shveta Khadira, Kadara, Somavalkala.

Action ► Cutch is prepared from the heartwood. See A. catechu.

Acacia ferruginea DC. is also equated with Shveta Khadira.

Acacia torta (Roxb.) Craib.

A. caesia Wright and Arn. non-Willd.

Family ► Mimosaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India in the dry and intermediate zones; ascending to an altitude of about 1,200 m in the Himalayas.

Acanthospermum hispidum DC. 9

Ayurvedic ► Aadaari, Lataa Khadira (related sp., see. A. pennata).

Siddha/Tamil ► Kariyundu, Ingu.

Folk ► Araar, Chilar (Punjab), Aila (Maharashtra).

Action ► Flower—emmenagogue. Bark—anti-inflammatory, antiseptic (in skin diseases). Bark contains 17% tannins, triterpene alcohol, saponins of acacic acid, lupeol and a steroid, acaciol. An alkaloid, tryptamine, is present in the root and stem bark.

Various plant parts are used in cough, bronchitis, measles, tubercular fistula and in the treatment of menstrual disorders. The bark is used for washing the hair.

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