Abies webbiana Lindl

Pinus webbiana Wall.

Family ► Pinaceae.

Habitat ► The Himalayas from Kashmir to Assam at altitudes of 1,600-4,000 m.

English ► Indian Silver Fir, The West-Himalayan High-Level Fir, The East-Himalayan Fir.

Ayurvedic ► Taalisa, Taalisapatra, Taalisha, Patraadhya, Dhaatriparni, Dhaatripatra.

Unani ► Taalisapattar.

Siddha/Tamil ► Taalispatri.

Folk ► Badar, Chilrow, Morinda, Raisalla, Taalispatra. (Tallispatra, Taalispatri and Talespattre are also equated with the leaves of Cinnamomum tamala Nees.)

Action ► Expectorant, bronchial sedative, decongestant, anticatarrhal, antiseptic, carminative.

Key application ► Fir (Abies alba Miller) needle oil—in catarrhal illness of upper and lower respiratory tract (internally and externally); externally in rheumatic and neuralgic pains. Contraindicated in bronchial asthma and whooping cough. (German Commission E.)

A biflavonoid, abiesin, n-triaconta-nol, beta-sitosterol and betuloside are present in the leaves.

The essential oil from leaves contains alpha-pinene, l-limonene, delta-carene, dipentene, l-bornyl acetate and l-cardinene as major constituents.

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