Abbreviations

5-HT 5-hydroxytryptamine

ACE Angiotensin converting enzyme

ACTH Andrenocorticotrophic hormone

AFI The Ayurvedic Formulary of India

Revised English Edition API The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part I, Volume

1 1989, Volume II 1999, III 2001, IV 2004. Aq. Aqueous

BP Blood pressure

British Herbal Ed. Bradley PR., published by British Herbal Medicine

Compendium Association, 1992.

British Herbal Published by British Herbal Medicine Association,

Pharmacopoeia Exeter, UK., 1996.

bw. Body weight

CCRAS Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha,

New Delhi. Standard Nomenclature of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants.

CCRUM Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine

CIMAP Central Institute ofMedicinal and Aromatic Plants,

Lucknow. Dictionary of Indian Medicinal Plants, Akhtar Husain et al., 1992.

cm Centimeter

CNS Central nervous system

CVS Cardiovascular system d Day(s)

DOPA Dihydroxyphenylalanine

ECG Electrocardiogram

E. coli Escherichia coli

ESCOP European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy.

Completely revised second edition.

ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

EtOH Ethyl alcohol

Ext Extract g Gram g/kg Grams per kilogram

GABA Gamma aminobutyric acid

German Monographs (1998) and expanded monographs (2000)

Commission E published by American Botanical Council.

GIT Gastrointestinal tract

GOT Glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase

GPT Glutamic-pyruvic transaminase

Hb Haemoglobin

HDL High density lipoprotein

ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi

Ig. Immunoglobulin i.m. Intramuscular i.p. Intraperitoneal i.v. Intravenous

IHD Ischaemic heart disease

IU International units

KCal Kilocalorie l Litre

LD50 Median lethal dose

LDL Low density lipoproteins

L-Dopa L-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine

LH Luteinizing hormones mcg Microgram min Minimum min Minute(s)

ml Millilitre, 20 drops of water, 1 cc mm Millimetre mp. Melting point

No. Number

PDR PDR for Herbal Medicines, Third Edition, 2005,

Published by Thomson PDR, Montvale.

pet. Petroleum po Per oral ppm Parts per million sc Subcutaneous

SGOT Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase

SGPT Serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase

Sh Shigella sp./spp. (one) (several) species

  1. Staphylococcus
  2. Streptococcus tsp 1 heaped teaspoonful: 3 gram

1 levelled teaspoonful: 1.5 gram or 4 ml tbsp 1 tablespoonful: 3 tsp. or 15 ml

UTI Urinary tract infection

UV Ultraviolet v. Volume

VD Venereal diseases

VLDL Very low density lipoproteins

Vib. Vibro w/w Weight per weight

WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants Vol. 1,2,3.

wk. Week wt. Weight

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