English Caraway

Ayurvedic Krishna jiraka, Jiraa, Kaaravi, Asita Jiraka, Kaashmira-jiraka, Prithvikaa, Upakunchikaa, Sugandha Udgaar, Shodhana. Unani Zeeraa Siyaah, Kamoon, Kamoon-roomi. Siddha Tamil Shimai-shembu, Semai Seearagam, Karamjiragam. Action Carminative, antispas-modic, antimicrobial, expectorant, galactagogue, emmenagogue. Key application Seed oil in dyspeptic problems, such as mild, sapstic conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, bloating and fullness. (German Commission E, ESCOP, The British...

English Teri Pods

Action Root astringent and antipyretic, used in phthisis and scrofulous affections. The roots gave a phenolic compound vakerin, identical with bergenin. The ethanol-water extract of roots inhibits the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The pods contain 28 tannin without seeds, more than 54 . The bark contains 28 tannin without seeds, more than 54 . The tannin is pure gallo-tannin and gallic acid. Dosage Root 3-5 g powder. CCRAS.

Michelia champaca Linn

Habitat Eastern Himalayas, lower hills of Assam, hills of South India up to 1,000 m., cultivated in various parts of India. Ayurvedic Champaka, Svarna Champaka, Hemapushpa, Chaam-peya. Action Flowers bitter, carminative, antispasmodic, demulcent, antiemetic, diuretic used for dy-suria , antipyretic. Fruits used for dyspepsia and renal diseases. Bark stimulant, diuretic and febrifuge. Dried root and root bark purgative and emmena-gogue. Externally flower oil is used as an application in...

English Indian Napellus

Ayurvedic Visha, Shringika-Visha, Vatsanaabha related sp. . Action Sedative, antirheumatic, analgesic, antitussive, antidiar-rhoeal. Ayurvedic Formulary of India, Part I and Part II, equated A. chasmanthum with Vatsanaabha. See A.ferox. It has the same uses as A. ferox. The alkaloid content of the root ranges from 2.98 to 3.11 includes chasmaconitine and chasmanthinine. Napellus, equated with Aconitum napellus Linn., is indigenous to Central Europe named after the Black sea port Aconis and...

English Palmyra Palm Brab tree

Williams. Ayurvedic Taala, Taada, Trinraj, Mahonnata, Lekhyapatra. Siddha Tamil Panai, Panaimaram. Action Fresh sap diuretic, cooling, antiphlegmatic, laxative, antiinflammatory. Slightly fermented juice is given in diabetes. Palm-jaggery used as an energy food for convalscents. Ash of dry spadix antacid, antibilious used in heartburn . Young root, terminal buds, leaf-stalks used in gastritis and hiccups. The sap is given as a tonic to asthmatic and anaemic...

Phragmites karka Trin ex Steud

Habitat The Himalayas, from Kashmir to Kumaon up to an altitude of 4,000 m. Action Rhizomes and roots diuretic, emmenagogue, diaphoretic, hypoglycaemic, antiemetic. The rhizomes are rich in carbohydrates contain nitrogenous substances 5.2, fat 0.9, N-free extr. 50.8, crude fibre 32.0, sucrose 5.1, reducing sugars 1.1, and ash rich in silica 5.8 as-paragine 0.1 is also present. Leaves possess a high ascorbic acid content 200 mg 100 g .Nodes and sheaths yield 6.6 and the underground parts over 13...

Bibliography

The Ayurvedic Formulary of India, Part I, second revised edn., Ministry of Health, Govt. of India. 2003. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part I., Vol I to IV 2004 , API , Ministry of Health, Govt. of India, New Delhi. Bartram's Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine, Marlowe amp Company, New York. 1998. The British Herbal Compendium, British Herbal Medicine Association. The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia, British Herbal Medicine Association. Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plants, Ram P. Rastogi...

Siddha Tamil Athimathuram

Action Demulcent, expectorant, antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, spasmolytic, mild laxative, antistress, antidepressive, antiulcer, liver protective, estrogenic, em-menagogue, antidiabetic. Used in bronchitis, dry cough, respiratory infections, catarrh, tuberculosis genitourinary diseases, urinary tract infections abdominal pain, gastric and duodenal ulcers, inflamed stomach, mouth ulcer. Also used for adrenocorticoid insufficiency. Key application In catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and...

Internet Resources of Herbal Medicine

AGRICOLA Agricultural Online Access Alternative Medicine Connection www.arxc.com Alternative Medicine Home Page, from the University of Pittsburg For WHO Herbal Monographs under Development, see entry for Alternative Medicine Home Page from the University of Pittsburg. Alternative Medicine, University of Texas American Botanical Council http www.herbalgram.org American Herbal Pharmacopoeia http www.herbal-aph.org American Herbalists Guild http www.americanherbalistsguild.com Andrew Weil's...

Divergent Plant Sources of Important Classical Herbs

Leptadenia reticulata Asclepiadaceae Marsdenia tenacissima Asclepiadaceae Naagakeshara Mesuaferrea Clusiaceae Paashaanabheda Bergenia ligulata Saxifragaceae Substitute Aerva lanata Amaranthaceae Priyangu Callicarpa macrophylla Verbenaceae Substitute Prunus mahaleb Rosaceae Prishniparni Uraria picta Fabaceae South India Dysoxylum malabaricum Meliaceae South India Premna herbacea Verbanaceae Bengal Picrasma quassioides Simarubaceae South India Andrographis paniculata Acanthaceae South India...

About the Author CP Khare

Khare was born on December 18, 1932, and has been a herbalist for more than fifty years. He was born into a family of herbal physicians. He studied the original Ayurvedic texts and acquired first-hand knowledge of the cultivation and processing of herbs and their usage even before going to college. In 1952, he took up journalism. Since then he has edited and contributed many features on health and personal problems to various journals. He has been Director of India's largest magazine...

Important Herbs of Non Indian Origin used in Unani system of Medicine

Fungus grown on old pine trees in South and Central Europe A. Longa North America A. Indica India Iran, Baluchistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, Nepal, Tibet Asia, Southern parts of Russia, Poland Upper Gangetic plains, Dehradun, Bihar plateau, Tropical and sub-tropical parts of India including the Himalayas and Andamans. A. adscendens Western Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh, Kumaon, Chamba Europe and the British Isles, naturalized in parts of North America England, Europe, North Africa, North America...

Standardized Extracts of Indian Herbs used in India

Powder Paste Alkaloids 0.15 , Tannins 2.4 -4 Powder Glycosides 15 , Alkaloids 1 Powder Paste Tannins 5 , Mucilage 10 -15 Powder Paste Alliin 1.5 -2.5 by HPLC Powder Paste Gel Gum Aloin 1.5 3 1 , Polysaccharides 50 200 1 Powder Paste Shagaol gt 4 by HPLC Powder Paste Andrographolides gt 10 Powder Paste Bacosides 15 -50 , Alkaloids 5 Powder Paste Boswellic acids gt 50 Powder Paste Polyphenols gt 45 by HPLC Powder Paste Asiaticosides gt 10 , Powder Paste Flavones gt 4 , Vol. Oil 1 Powder Acidity...

Putranjiva roxburghii Wall

Hurusawa. Habitat Throughout tropical India, wild and cultivated as an avenue tree. English Child-life tree, Indian Amulet Plant, Spurious Wild Olive. Ayurvedic Putranjiva, Putrajivaka, Putrajiva, Yashtipushpa, Arth-saadhana Siddha Tamil Karupali Garbhadaa and Garbhakaraa are misleading synonyms. Action Fruit powered deseeded fruits are used against cough, cold and sprue. Rosaries of hard stones are used for protecting children from infections. Due to...

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India

In 1978, German Federal Health Agency now called the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices established an expert committee on herbal remedies called Commission E . The Commission E is composed of 24 members, including physicians, pharmacists, non-medical practitioners, pharmacologists, toxicolo-gists, biostatisticians, and representatives of the pharmaceutical industry. Fifty percent are experts from clinical therapeutic field. There are 13 full university professors on the...

Trachyspermum roxburghianum DC Craib

Benth. amp Hk f. Habitat Cultivated throughout India. Ayurvedic Ajamodaa, Ajamoda, Ayamoda, Ajmoja, Dipyaka. Action Seeds carminative, stomachic, stimulant, cardiac tonic. Used for dyspepsia, vomiting, hiccough, bronchitis, asthma, and pain in bladder also as an emmenagogue. The seeds yield the coumarins bergaptene, 7-methoxy-6-methyl cou-marin and umbelliferone. Beta-sitos-terol is also reported. Major constituent of the essential oil from the seeds are...

Crocus sativus Linn

Habitat Cultivated in Kashmir up to 2,000 m and in Chaubattia in Uttar Pradesh. Ayurvedic Kumkuma, Rudhira, Vadrika, Kaashmira, Kaashmiraka, Vaalhika, Agnishikhaa, Ghrusrrn, Rakta, Kshataja. Keshara usually Keshara indicates Naagakeshara, Mesuaferrea Linn. Siddha Tamil Kumgumappoo dried stigma . Action Stigma and style nervine tonic, sedative, antispasmodic expectorant in dry cough, whooping cough, bronchitis , stomachic, diaphoretic, emmenagogue. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicated...

Unani Ood Saleeb Ood Gharqi

Action Root antispasmodic, sedative, smooth muscle relaxant, vasodilatory, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, em-menagogue, hepatoprotective. Flower used for diseases of mucous membranes, fissures, anal fissures associated with haemorrhoids, also for ailments of the respiratory tract, nervous conditions and skin diseases. Root used for arthritis, neuralgia, neurasthenia, migraine, epilepsy, allergic disorders, whooping cough and painful spasms. The herb gave monoterpene ester glucosides...

Sansevieria hyacinthoides

Habitat Native to Sri Lanka found along coastal regions of India from Bengal to Tamil Nadu. Ayurvedic Naagadamani related species also known as Muurvaa . Siddha Tamil Marul, Motta manji. Action See S. roxburghiana. Leaves and rhizomes are applied externally in high fever with delirium. Rhizomes diuretic, diaphoretic, expectorant. The leaf contains aconitic acid the root yielded an alkaloid sansevierine 0.018 .

Siddha Tamil Parangi chakkai

Action Tubers used as alterative in venereal diseases, chronic skin diseases and rheumatic affections. Used as official sarsaparilla. China of homoeopathic medicine is Peruvian bark, not Smilax china. Sarsaparilla Smilax species is used in Oriental as well as in Western herbal for its alterative, gentle circulatory stimulant and mild testosterone activity. The root is known for its steroidal saponins. Pro-sapogenin-A of dioscin, dioscin, gracillin. Me-protogracillin, Me-protodioscin and its...

Tylophora indica

Synonym T. asthamatica Wight amp Arn. Habitat Assam, West Bengal, Orissa and Peninsular India. English Emetic Swallow Wort, Indian or Country Ipecacuanha. Ayurvedic Antamuula, Muulini, Arkaparni. Siddha Tamil Nay Palai, Nangilaip-piratti. Action Leaves used for bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis. The whole plant yielded alkaloids including tylophorine, tylphorinine, desmethyltylophorine and desmethyl-tylophorinine, and a flavonoid kaem-pferol. The root yielded alkaloids, tylophorinidine and...

Astragalus sarcocola Dymock

Habitat The mountainous regions from Asia Minor to Iraq and Iran. Unani Anzaroot, Kohal Kirmaani Gum . Action Gum antirheumatic, aperient, anthelmintic, emollient. The rootbark yields alkaloids, atala-phylline and its N-methyl derivatives and atalaphyllidine, which have close structural similarities with the antitu-mour alkaloid, acronycine, and its co-geners. The rootbark also contains the limonoid, atalantin. The leaf juice forms an ingredient of a compound liniment used in hemiplegia. The...

Siddha Tamil Sodakku thakkali

Action Berries diuretic, aperient, alterative. Used for gout and urinary diseases. Quercetin 3-O-galactoside, isolated from the crude extract of the leaves, is reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory activity comparable to phenylbutazone in carageenan-induced rat paw oedema. Physalis minima Linn. var indica C. B. Clarke is common weed in irrigated fields and bunds. The plant contains withasteroids, physalindicanols, withaminimin and withaphysalin, 3-O-glucosides of kaempferol and quercetin, in...

Ayurvedic Neelkanthi

Folk Ratapaati Kumaon , Khur-banti Punjab . Action Astringent, febrifugal given in intermittent fever , stimulant, aperient, diuretic. Used for the treatment of gout and rheumatism also for amenorrhoea. Juice of the leaves blood purifier. The powder is used for burns and boils. The leaves are used in fever as a substitute for cinchona. An aqueous extract of the leaves showed diuretic activity. An alkaloidal fraction showed stimulant action on the perfused frog heart. The plant exhibited...

Ayurvedic Dochunty Uchunti Sahadevi related sp

Action Anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, styptic. The leaf is reported to contain stig-masterol 59.9 and beta-sitosterol 26.7 as major component of sterol faction. The dried flowering plant contains the pyrrolizidine alkaloids, lycop-samine and echinatine. An aqueous extract of leaves is reported to show haemostatic activity. The plant extract exhibited muscle relaxant activity experimentally. The ethanolic extract 95 of roots possesses anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties....

Physalis peruviana Linn

Habitat Native to tropical America grown in the hills and plains throughout India. Siddha Tamil Perungunni, Potti-pallam. Action Plant diuretic. Leaf anthelmintic, an infusion is used in abdominal disorders. Fruits a good source of carotene and ascorbic acid eaten as a table fruit. The fruit contain carotene as vitamin A 2,380 IU, thiamine 0.05, riboflavin 0.02, nicotinic acid 0.3 and ascorbic acid 49 mg 100 g mineral matter 0.8 phytin phosphorus 18, iron 2.0, ionizable iron 0.9, sodium 0.9,...