World climates

In addition to maritime and continental climates already mentioned there are many others, including the Mediterranean climate (as found in southern parts of Europe, California, South Africa, Australia and central Chile) that is typified by hot dry summers and mild winters. The characteristics of a range of the world climate types are given in Table 2.4 . Plants native to these other areas can present a challenge for those wishing to grow them in the British Isles. To some extent plants are tolerant, but care must be taken when dealing with the plant's degree of hardiness (its

Table 2.4 A summary of some of the world climates

Climatic region

Temperature

Rainfall

Range

Winter

Summer

Distribution

Total

Temperate

maritime

narrow

mild

warm

even

moderate

continental

wide

very cold

very warm

summer max

moderate

Mediterranean

moderate

mild

hot

winter max

moderate

Sub-tropical

moderate

mild*

hot

summer max

high

Tropical maritime

narrow

warm**

hot

even

moderate

Equatorial

narrow

hot**

hot

even

high

  • frosts uncommon. **no frosts.
  • frosts uncommon. **no frosts.
Rainfall Distribution British Isles

ability to withstand all the features in the climate to which it is exposed). Plant species that originated in sub-tropical areas (such as south-east China and USA) tend to be vulnerable to frosts and those from tropical and equatorial regions are most commonly associated with growing under complete protection such as in conservatories and hothouses.

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