Cell division

When a plant grows, the cell numbers increase in the growing points of the stems and roots, the division of one cell producing two new ones. Genetic information in the nucleus is reproduced exactly in the new cells to maintain the plant's characteristics. The process of mitosis achieves this (see p89). Each chromosome in the parent cell produces a duplicate of itself, thus producing sufficient material for the two new daughter cells. A delicate, spindle-shaped structure ensures the separation of chromosomes, one complete set into each of the new cells. A dividing cell wall forms across the old cell to complete the division.

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