Application methods

Application methods simply come down to spraying, spreading, or sprinkling. Here's how to apply some common types of fertilizer:

  • Granular: Among the most common and easily applied forms, granular fertilizers are also among the most economical. Sprinkle by hand or broadcast them with a lawn spreader around plants or over the lawn. Many organic fertilizers come in granular form.
  • Powder: Some fertilizers, such as limestone and rock powders, are so finely ground that they readily blow in the wind. When applying them in your garden, choose a windless day, and wear a dust mask. As an alternative, look for pelletized forms of these fertilizers.

Granular and powder fertilizers take time to break down and release their contents to the soil and plants, so apply them a few weeks before planting vegetables and flowers, and use them as long-term sources of nutrients for trees, shrubs, lawns, and perennials. Generally, the smaller the particles, the more quickly the fertilizer becomes available to plant roots.

✓ Liquid: Liquid fertilizers give plants a quick nutrient boost. Common liquid fertilizers include fish emulsion and seaweed extract, as well as homemade "tea." (You can find a recipe for manure and compost teas in the sidebar "Tea,anyone?" later in this chapter.) Liquid fertilizers are good candidates for foliar feeding, that is, being applied directly to plant leaves.

To apply nutrients during the growing season, side-dress plants by applying granular or liquid fertilizer to the soil about 6 inches from plant stems. For even faster results, apply liquid fertilizers directly to plant leaves (called foliar feeding). Mix foliar fertilizers with water with neutral pH (7.0), and apply only when air temperatures are below 85 degrees Fahrenheit. One or two side dressings or foliar feedings during the active growing season should be plenty for most garden vegetables and flowers. Container-grown plants may need monthly fertilizing for best growth.

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Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.

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