Directions

  1. In a spot that gets at least 6 hours of sun each day, plant a variety of plants that attract butterflies and provide food for their young.
  2. Add i or 2 flat stones where the butterflies can warm themselves.
  3. Provide a puddle or other shallow water source so that your butterflies can drink or search for salts,
  4. Site a bench where you can enjoy the show!

Protect the caterpillars that have yellow, black, and white stripes when you see them on your milkweeds! They'll munch on the milkweed plants, then turn into majestic monarch butterflies.

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  • Butterflies are cold-blooded and don't get moving until their body temperature reaches about 80°F.
  • When butterflies gather in groups around puddles, they're after salts in the mud, not just the water.
  • Larvae chew holes in the leaves of host plants, but seldom harm the plant.
  • The organic caterpillar killer BT (Bacillus thuringiensis) controls cabbage loopers and other vegetable-eating larvae. But it will also kill butterfly larvae if it drifts to their host plants. Avoid BT and hand-pick problem caterpillars, or be extremely careful if you use BT.
  • In hot, dry climates, butterflies appreciate dappled shade in the heat of the day. ^

Pick the Right Nectar Plants

You don't have to resort to trial-and-error to find out which plants attract butterflies. Ann Swengel, a vice president of the North American Butterfly Association (NABA), suggests growing

Plant some of these nectar and host piants as a starting point for attracting a variety of butterflies. For a much longer list, write to NABA at 4 Delaware Road, Morristown, N) 07960.

^ Description # Hardiness Zones

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)

* Yellow and brown daisylike blooms; 2- to

3-foot-tall hairy-leaved plant 0 Annual

Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

'-fc. #

Rose-pink daisylike blooms; 2- to 4-foot-tall perennial

Zones 3 to 8

Yellow cosmos (Cosmos sulphureus)

ft

Yellow, orange, or red daisylike blooms; 2- to 3-foot-tall bushy plants Annual

Goldenrods (Solidago s pp.)

V m

Plumelike clusters of golden or yellow blooms; 1- to 5-foot-tall perennial Zones 3 to 9

Impatiens

(Impatiens wa liera na)

*

Flat, spurred blooms in lavender, pink, red, orange, or white; 6- to 24-inch-tail, neatly mounded plants Annual

Joe-Pye weeds (Eupatorium spp.)

#

Substantial clusters of fuzzy rose-purple flowers; bold 3- to 12-foot-tall perennials Zones 3 to 8

Lantanas ( Lantana spp.)

V #

Flat-topped clusters of red and yellow or pink blooms; 18-inch- to 4-foot-tall shrubby plant Zones 8 to 10 (treat as an annual farther north)

Lupines (Lupinus spp.)

#

Dense 2-foot-long spikes of pealike flowers in shades of pink, white, blue, purple; bushy perennials grow 2Vi to Vh feet tall Zones 3 to 6

French marigold Daisylike to rounded red and yellow blooms

(Tagetes patula) (choose single-flowered cultivars instead of doubles—butterflies can reach the nectar more easily); 6- to 20-inch-tall plant with Strongly scented leaves 0 Annual

Plant if Description # Hardiness Zones rnS

Mints

10 tr

Zinnia

(Zinnia elegans)

Glossy abelia (Abelia x grandiflora)

Spikes of small, 2-lipped purple, pink, or white flowers bloom at top of plants; bushy, spreading perennials grow to 2 feet tali # Zones 5 to 9

Round, flat, or mounded blooms in every color but blue; 6- to 36-inch-tall plants grow low and mounded or upright and bushy m Annual

Clusters of small pinkish purple or white blooms; 3 to 6 feet tail and wide; rounded, semi-evergreen shrub # Zones 6 to 10

Spikes of small, 2-lipped purple, pink, or white flowers bloom at top of plants; bushy, spreading perennials grow to 2 feet tali # Zones 5 to 9

10 tr

Pineapple sage (Salvia elegans)

V #

Small bright red 2-lipped blooms;

2- to 3-foot-tall herb with fragrant leaves

Annual

Rose verbena (Verbena canadensis)

4* #

Rounded clusters of purple, rose, or white blooms; 8- to 18-inch-tall perennial Zones 4 to 10 (treat as an annual farther north)

Brazilian vervain (Verbena bonariensis)

V #

Rounded clusters of tiny violet blooms; 3- to 4-foot-tall perennial Zones 7 to 9

Zinnia

(Zinnia elegans)

Round, flat, or mounded blooms in every color but blue; 6- to 36-inch-tall plants grow low and mounded or upright and bushy m Annual

Azaleas

Lavender, orange, pink, red, white, or yellow

(Rhododendron spp.)

funnel-shaped blooms; 1 to 20 feet tall

(depending on species); evergreen and

i/i

deciduous shrubs

D

*

Zones 4 to 9

X

Orange-eye butterfly bush

V

Pink, purple, red, or white fragrant lilaclike

1/1

(Buddleia davidit)

blooms; 5- to 15-foot-tall arching plant that

flowers best if cut back to the ground each

spring

#

Zones 5 to 10

Lilacs

*

Large, very fragrant blue, lavender, pink, or

(Syringa spp.)

white bloom clusters; 4- to 20-foot-tall up

right plants look loosely rounded over time

#

H in

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