Monocot leaves

Monocotyledonous plants, such as snowdrops and mother-in-law's tongues, have a series of parallel veins running the length of each leaf. Some of these plants can be propagated at any time of year from leaf cuttings, providing they have an inherent capacity to produce a plantlet on the cut surface of a vein and suitable leaves are available.

Cuttings from normal leaves such as Cape cowslips (Lachenalia), snowdrops (Galanthus) and snowflakes (Leucojum) tend to wilt quickly, so keep them turgid by planting as soon as possible. With succulents, such as mother-in-law's tongues {Sansevieria), water loss is not so critical.

Leaf cuttings from bulbous plants, such as Hyacinthus, that have tender leaves may well rot and die unless they are handled as little as possible, planted carefully and sprayed regularly with fungicide.

Ensure all tools and equipment are absolutely clean before taking leaf cuttings. Fill a container with cuttings compost, press down to within fin of the container rim, using a presser board. Water the compost thoroughly and allow to drain.

Cut off a fully expanded, undamaged leaf from the parent plant. Lie it face down on a clean sheet of glass and cut with a safety razor blade at right angles to the veins. Make a series of slices 1-1| in wide.

Make a shallow trench with a dibber and plant the cutting vertically with its basal cut held firmly in the compost. Place the other cuttings 1 in apart in rows. Label the container clearly. Spray the cuttings with a fungicide such as Captan or Benlate as protection against rot and disease.

Place the container in a warm (21°C/70°F), humid environment so the leaves do not dry

Monocot Leaves Line Drawings

1 Fill a container with cuttings compost. Water well and allow to drain.

2 Cut off a fully expanded, undamaged leaf. Lie face down on some glass.

3 Make a series of 1—1 \ in wide slices at right angles to the veins.

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|)I.iiiI« r«>«|ionilliiK iii I lyji i/il/iu* S IiiI.isi 1.1I.1 l>ul not lullInK* Itfit,ill* i<s|>r>( lully s iill.m im,i Lduri-ntii'

lml\mnm I. -illlit/I'll N«'l»unll' Y /ryljnm haUnthut h'U< n/um Srlllt out and wilt. Ensure the cuttings have adequate light to produce food, although direct sunlight should be avoided otherwise scorching may occur. A polythene tent will provide these conditions quite adequately, although a closed case in a greenhouse will be the most satisfactory provided that it is kept scrupulously clean.

Rewet drying compost by standing the base of the container in a water bath.

The time taken for young plantlets to appear will vary with the different plants. Mother-in-law's tongues will usually regenerate in six to eight weeks during the summer. Cape cowslips, snowdrops and hyacinths that have been propagated in spring just as their leaves mature will regenerate in four to six weeks. Repot the new plants once they are large enough to handle and label them clearly; then harden them off.

Monocots Labels

4 Plant the cuttings 5 Spray with a fungicide. 6 Rewet the compost if it vertically in trenches 1 in Place the container in a dries out by standing the apart. Firm in and label. ^ warm, humid environment. container in a water bath.



Leaf Cuttings

Leaf cuttings of Heloniopsis will regenerate from both ends. Reduce the leaf to 1^-2 in by cutting off the top and bottom. Plant the cutting in a loop, with both ends in the compost.

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  • negisti
    How to take cuttings from monocot?
    8 years ago
  • Quinn
    How to make cuttings from monocots?
    6 years ago

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