Hard woods

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Vine eyes

This technique is normally used only for vines, although it is quite possible to adopt it for any plant with a reasonably solid pith that can be propagated by hardwood cuttings. Vine-eye cuttings are the hardwood equivalent of leaf-bud cuttings.

Prune back the .plant during the dormant season to encourage vigorous growth.

Fill a small pot with cuttings compost and firm to within fin of the rim, using a presser board.

At "leaf-fall" cut a stem with all the current season's growth from the parent plant. Make a sloping cut with a pair of secateurs just above a leaf-bud joint, so that no snag is left that could die back and pbssibly kill the bud. Make the basal cut horizontally across the stem about in below the top cut. Wound the cutting if the plant is difficult to root.

Place a sharp knife half-way down the stem on the opposite side to the bud. Make a shallow cut down to the base.

Dip the basal cut surface and the wound into hormone powder of a suitable strength for hardwood cuttings (0.8 per cent iba). Make a hole in the prepared compost with a dibber. Plant the cutting vertically so that the bud lies about level with the compost surface. Insert only one cutting per pot.

Label the pot and stand it on a greenhouse bench or in a closed caseā€”the higher the temperature, the faster will be the rate of regeneration.

Water the cutting to prevent it drying out. Do not overwater during the winter when the cutting is dormant, as the compost will readily waterlog, causing the cutting to rot and die. Harden off the cutting once it has rooted, and transplant in spring. Label it.

4 Make a cut horizontally across the stem in below the top cut.

5 Make a shallow cut on the side opposite the bud from half-way down the stem to the base.

6 Dip the cut surfaces in rooting hormone. Make a hole with a dibber in the prepared compost.

1 Prune back the parent plant during the dormant season to encourage strong, vigorous stems.

7 Plant the cutting vertically so that the bud lies about level with the compost surface. Label it.

2 Fill a small pot with 3 Cut a stem with all the cuttings compost. Firm to current season's growth at within f in of the rim, using "leaf-fall". Make a sloping a presser board. cut just above a leaf-bud.

2 Fill a small pot with 3 Cut a stem with all the cuttings compost. Firm to current season's growth at within f in of the rim, using "leaf-fall". Make a sloping a presser board. cut just above a leaf-bud.

Compost Presser Board

8 Leave the potted cutting 9 Harden off the cutting as on a greenhouse bench. soon as it has rooted.

Water to prevent the Transplant in spring, cutting from drying out.

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