Elderberries grow best in moist, fertile, well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. But they will tolerate a wide range of soil texture, fertility, and acidity. It's a myth that they prefer swampy areas. In fact, they do not tolerate poor drainage.

Plant elderberries in the spring as soon as possible after they arrive from the nursery to prevent plants from drying out. Space plants 6 to 10 feet apart. Elderberries are shallow rooted, so keep them well watered during the first season.

Plants are easy to propagate from hardwood cuttings taken when plants are dormant.

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