Filipndula purpurea

(Spiraea pal mata)

A handsome though dominating hardy herbaceous perennial with large lobed leaves held on crimson stems and surmounted by large flat heads of small carminerose flowers during mid-summer Height: 75cm-1 '2m [2!>-4ft1 Spread: 75-90cm (2&-3ft) and more

Cultivation: An ideal plant for rich, fertile, moisture- retentive soli in partial shade, perhaps in a wild garden or at the side of an informal garden pond

Propagation: It Is easily Increased by lifting and dividing large clumps In autumn or spring.

Left Filipenduta purpurea

A n impressive herbaceous perennial for a fertile, moist, cool position in slight shade Its carmine-rose fiower heads form a dominant display during mid-summer.

Festuca glauca Is superb for a colour contras! with Filipéndula rubra s another attractive filipéndula, with yel;ow-flowered plants, such as Golden Garlic Allium large pinkish (lower heads up to 28cm (11 In) across moly, which is also known as Yellow Onion Position It is widely grown In the form Venusta' with deep pink

Ihe grass in front of the allium. flowers. It loves moist soil and slight shade

Sword Lily (UK)

Plantain Lily (UK) Plantain Lily ■ Day Lily (USA)

Above Gladiolus byzantinus

This small-flowered gladiolus flowers much earlier than its large-flowered relatives, Well-drained soil and a position in full sun assure success

Gladiolus byzantinus

Sword Lily (UK)

This hardy and rellablegladiolushas 25-38cm (10-1 Sin] long tower spikes loosely packed with up to twenty pium-coloured 6 Sin) wide blooms during mid-summer. The narrow, sword-iixeand upright ribbed leaves with pointed tops rise1o6Qcm (2ft) Height: 60cm (2ft) Spread: 13-18cm (5-7in) Cultivation: Rich, fertile, well-drained but moisture-retentive soil and full sun suit it best. The cornis can be left in the soil from year to year, and in light soils it is best to plant them 15cm [Sin) deep— 10cm (4in; in heavy soil-so that they are self-supporting and do not become blown over In heavy soil, place a handful of sharp sand under each corm when planting it. Remove dead flower stems after flower?ng and cut down the yeliowed foliage to soil-level in autumn-but not too early or it will not have transferred its food content to the corms. which act as storage organs to help the plants survive winter Propagation: Every four or five years lift the plants in autumn and remove the little corm lets attached to the corm Dry them and replant them in spring in sand-lined drills in a nursery bed.

Hosta rectifolia Tall Boy'

Plantain Lily (UK) Plantain Lily ■ Day Lily (USA)

These hardy perennials with beautiful leaves, variegated in some varieties, were once known as Funkias. This species displays broad, lance-shaped mid todark green leaves and tall, upright flower stems bearing 5cm (2in) long violet-mauve flowers in slender spikes during mid-summer. Several other hostas, including H. crispula, have purple flowers During mid to late summer this plant reveals lac-purple flowers above its dark green, white-edged leaves, the feature for which it is mainly grown. Height: 1-i-3m (3>i-4,2ft) ' Spread: 75-90cm (2!^ 3ft) Cultivation: Well-drained but moisture- retentive soil enriched with leafmould and in a iightly shaded position suits it. During dry summers, it will be necessary to water the soil Propagation: In spring, lift and dividelargecumps Thisvarietycan be raised from seed, but variegated hostas do not come true from seed

Above Gladiolus byzantinus

This small-flowered gladiolus flowers much earlier than its large-flowered relatives, Well-drained soil and a position in full sun assure success

Hostas are among the most attractive of border flowers tor naturalized or woodland settings, or even large rock gardens, i ne variegated types, such as Hosta fortunei Aibooicta' are especially attractive.

Righi Iberis umbeliata

This easily grown and highly fragrant hardy annual flowers over a long penod from successive sowings it is superb for planting in poor soils

Lei Hosta rectilolia Tall Boy

This beautiful violet-mauve-ftowered plant is ideal lor a wild garden, where the soil does not become dry during summer Even when not in flower, the foliage forms a dominant display especially in eariy summer

Right Hosta Halcyon

This attractively-towered hosta creates a dominant display in a slightly-raised border, where the leaves can spread safety without bemg trodden upon or splashed with soil during heavy rainfall Here it is planted against the grass Hakonechloa macra Albo-aurea with narrow bronze-tinted variegated green and buff leaves This grass has a cascading growth habit and looks good positioned at a comer

Iberis umbeliata

Candytuft (UK) Globe Candytuft (USA) This well-known highly-fragrant hardy annual from Southern Europe has mid-green pointed, narrow leaves The 5cm (2in] wideclustered heads of purple, white and rose-red flowers appear from early summer to aulumn from successive sowings It is an annual thai is well known to children and often the first plant they sow It soon germinates and forms an edging for the side of a path A lie ma lively, sei it in bold drifts towards the front of a border Height: 15 38cm [6-15in] Spread: 23cm [9in; Cultivation: We 11-drained even poor soil in full sun suits it. Remove dead flower heads to extend the flowering season

Propagation: From late spring to early summer, sow seeds in shallow drills where the plants are to flower The seeds take len to fourteen days to germinate When the seedlings are large enough to handle, thin them lo 20-23cm (8-9in) apart

Righi Iberis umbeliata

This easily grown and highly fragrant hardy annual flowers over a long penod from successive sowings it is superb for planting in poor soils

Iberis umbeliata is a very amenable plant and associates with many others such as Canterbury Bells (Campanula medium), Clarkia [Clark/a elegans) and Virginian Stock (Malcolmia mantima)

Right Incarvillea mairei

This is a beautiful herbaceous perennial for the front of a border, or even for a rock garden where extra height is desired The yellow-throated pinkish-purple flowers appear dunng early to mid-summer

(Incarvillea grandiliora brevipes I brevipes] Trumpet Flower (UK)

This herbaceous perennial has attractive, deep green, pinnate leaves and bears rich pinkish-purple flowers with long tubular yellow Ihroats during early to mid-summer Height: 30cm (1ft) Spread: 20-25cm (8-10in] Cutlivation: Fertile we! l-d ramed light soil in full sun assures success During spring, plant the fleshy roots 7 5cm (3in)deep. and in cofd areas protect the young and newly-emergmg snoots and leaves with a cloche or layer of straw. In particularly cold places Ihey may require protection throughout winter Often the new shoots are slow to emerge from the soil in spring, so take care not to damage them with early spring cultivations. Propagation: Although the crowns can be lifted and divided in spring they are sometimes tough and difficult to splii Instead, sow seeds m a prepared seedbed in spring transplanting them tne following spring to their permanent positions.

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