Clematis Largeflowered Types

These are some of the most spectacular and welt-known of ail climbers, producing a stunning display of large (lowers during summer They are derived from several forms such as florida, Jackmanii. lanuginosa, patens texensis and viticetla. They are superb for training over pergolas, irellises or along wires lensioneo against a wall Most are single lorms, but a few have double flowers. They include a wide range of colours, among which blue, mauve and purple can be found in the following types1...

Aubrieta deitoidea

This is one of the best-known rock garden plants, well suited for covering large areas and tor trailing over walls It is also useful as an edging to paths and for combining with herbaceous plants. There are many forms, originated from selected seedlings of this hardy, spreading and low-growing evergreen perennial These include Barker's Double' (rose-purple , Dr. Mules' violet-purple , Henslow Purple (bright purple Triumphant' (blue) and Tauricola' deep purple-biue). Height 7-5-1 Ocm (3-4in)...

Iris gracilipes

This crested iris belongs to the groupof irises which have orchid-like flowers with cock's-comb crests instead of beards This species is hardy, with slender, dark green leaves, and 2 5-5cm (l-2in) wide, lavender-pink flowers, which appear during mid and late spring Height 20-25cm (8-10in) Spread 20-25cm (8-1 Oin) Cultivation Fertile, moisture-retentive lime-tree soil is essential, in a sheltered and slightly shaded position To ensure that the soil is nch m humus, top-dress it with...

Cyclamen hederifoiium

(Cyclamen neapolitanurn) Baby Cyclamen (USA) An easily-grown, long-iived. free-flowering and extremely hardy corm-bearing plant, this cyclamen has deep green leaves, red beneath and with silvery markings above. The variable, mauve to pink, 2-5cm (1in) long flowers appear from late summer to early winter. There is also a white form. Height 10cm (4in) Spread 10-15cm (4-6in) Cultivation Humus-rich, well-drained soil in light, dappled shade suits it best. Plant the corms in late summer, where they...

Veronica spicata

Spiked Speedwell (UK) An upright slim-flowered hardy herbaceous perennial, this veronica is well suited to the front of a border II displays long, toothed, lance-shaped, mid-green leaves. The narrow, 7 5-15cm (3-6in) long spires of small blue flowers are borne throughout mid-summer Several superb lorms are worth growing, including 8tue Fox' (ultramarine blue) and Barcarolle (rose-pink). Iferonica longitoha is another purple-blue-ftowered border plant II rises up to 1 2m (4ft) and bears 15cm f6m...

Above Dahlia Kaiy Helen

A ball type with very neat and compact blooms that look equally good in the garden or cut and displayed in a vase indoors. Dahlia thrive in rich soil and need a sunny position. The globular flowers are produced on stiff stems that with this variety carry the flowers above the foliage To encourage rapid growth the soil must be carefully enriched before planting with the addition of bulky well-rotted compost or manure worked in well with a fork Bail-type dahlias n England can be traced back to a...

Ceanothus thrysiflorus repens

Californian Lilac (UK) Creeping Bluebtossom (USA) This hardy, vigorous, mound-forming evergreen shrub is ideal for planting against a wall, where it creates a dense screen of small shiny green leaves and light blue flowers in 7'5cm (3in long clusters dur ng early summer This versatile shrub is also suitable for a large rock garden Height 1 2-1 5m 4-5ft Spread 1-5-1 8m 5-6ft Cultivation Light, fertile soil and a south or west-facing position are best No regular pruning s needed, other than an...

Liriope muscari

Beauty Florence

This hardy, compact and clurrtp-torming evergreen perennial has dark green grass-like leaves and upright stems, which bear 7-5-13cm 3-5in) long spikes of bell-shaped, lilac-mauve flowers from late summer through to autumn. The species Liriope spicata is quite similar, but with more erect and narrower leaves From late summer and nto autumn if displays 5-7 5cm (2-3in) long spikes of bright mauve. Deli-shaped flowers. It is slightly shorter than Liriope muscari. rising to a height of 38cm (15r)...

Below Veronica teucrium Trehane

This beautiful rock garden plant has golden-yellow leaves, and bears spires of pale blue flowers dunng most of summer. Irs foliage blends well with rocks, harmonizing with the colour of the stone. Tecophilaea cyanocrocus .s a warmth-loving bulb that does well In situations similar to those needed by the tender South African nerines and the beautiful Algerian Iris (Iris unguiculans), also known as Iris stylosa Veronica teucrium is ideal for planting at the front of borders as well as rock...

Ipheion uniflorum

Brodiaea unifiora Milla uniflora Tnteleia uniflora Spring Starflower UK and USA Thts beautiful and reliable bulbous plant forms a hummock ot grass-like leaves and 5cm 2ln wide, slx-petalled, star-shaped, scented towers during spring. They range from white to deep lavender-blue in colour There are several good vanelies, including Caeruleum pale blue , Wisley Blue violet-blue and Vioiaceum1 violet . Height 15-20cm 6-8in Spread 7-5-1 Ocrn 3-4in , but plants grow together to form a large clump...

Aconitum wilsonii

Monkshood Wolf's Bane Helmet Flower UK This erect hardy herbaceous plant has deeply divided dark green leaves and 5cm 2in high amethyst' blue hooded flowers during iate summer and into early autumn. Several varieties are available, ncluding Keimscott Variety' favender-blue and 'Barker's Variety' deep blue . Height 1-2-1 8m 4-6tt Spread 45 60cm 1 gt gt -2ft Cultivation Deep, fertile, moisture-retentive soil in slight shade suits it best Do not allow the soil to dry out. and cut the plants down...

Abies concoior Glauca Compacta

This beautiful dwarf and compact conifer often sold as Abis concoior Compacta has an irregular shape and greyish-blue foliage it is so slow-growing that even after twenty-five years it often reaches no more than 75cm 2,yt high, with a im OVti spread It is ideal for a rock garden, or even in a large container Cultivation Deep, well-drained, slightly acid soil suits it best li prefers Above Abies concoior Glauca Compacta This is one of the best slow-growing dwarf conifers for a rock garden or...

Cercis siliquastrum

Cercis Siliquastrum

Judas Tree UK Judas Tree Love Tree USA A hardy, rounded, wide-spreading deciduous tree from the Orient and Southern Europe, the Judas Tree is said to be the treefrom which Judas Iscarioi hanged himself after the betrayal of Jesus Christ Whether or not this is true, there is no doubt that the tree is eye-catching and distinctive. It bears clusters of rich rose-purple flowers on bare branches in early summer After the flowers have taded it develops rounded glaucous-green leaves with heart-Shaped...

Agapanthus x Headbourne Hybrids

This popular hybrid is hardier than most other species Like its relatives, it has long, strap-like mid-green leaves, with stunningly attractive deep vioiet-blue to pale blue flowers field in large heads like upturned umbrellas during mid to iate summer Height 60-75cm 2-2,' .ft Spread 45-60cm 1' 2-2ft Cultivation Fertile, wel -drained soil and a sheltered position are needed. The foisags dies down in autumn, with fresh leaves appearing in spring. Ensure that the soil is not waterlogged during...

Campanula lactiflora

Milky Bellflomer UK This beautiful hardy herbaceous perennial has stems smothered in small light green leaves The miniature bell-like light lavender-blue lowers appear during mid-summer There is a wide range of varieties, Including 'Prichard's Variety' al 90cm 3ft with lavender-blue I lowers, Loddon Anna at 1-t 2m 3--4tt with flesh-pink flowers, and Poufte at 25cm 10m with light lavender-blue flowers Cultivation Fertiledeeply-cultivaied and well-drained soil in full sun or slight shade suits it...

Puschkinia scilloides

Puschkinia Flowers

Puschkinia libanotica R sicula Adamsta scilloides Striped Squill UK This exceptionally attractive small hardy bulb suits many sites in the garden, from naturali ing In low, fine grass to planting in rock gardens or alongside narrow borders at the bases of walls. The mid-green, strap-like leaves are surmounted by arching stems, bearing up to six, silvery-blue, bell-shaped. 12mm 0 amp in long flowers during spring Height t3-20cm 5-8in Spread 7 5-1 Ocm 3-4itl Cultivation Any light garden soil and...

Below Iris kaempferi

This handsome beardless ins lor moist soil at the edges ot a pond has been bred in Japan to produce a wide range of flower forms and cofoure ounng early summer. This is a reliable bulbous ins for a rock garden or front of a border, flowering in late winter and early spring li is suitable for chalky soil. This well-known, small, bulbous iris is Ideal for a rock garden or the front Of a border. It is now available in a range of colours, but the true species is blue and violet, with or without...

Picea pungens Pendula

This distinctive blue conifer often known as Picea pungens Giauca Pendula' sometimes has an erratic shape but can be recognized by is down-swept branches and glaucous-blue leaves During spnng, the young growths are tufted and pale blue. It often produces two leading shoots one needs to be trained upright, while the Other trails downwards Height 3-54m 10-18ft Spread 3-5'4m 10-18ft Cultivation Moist, deep soil acid or neutral is best, and a position in slight shade or full sun Propagation it...

Ceanothus Gloire de Versailles

Ceanothus x deiinianus 'Gloire de Versailles' This hardy deciduous rather open shrub is one of the best known ceanothus plants for a border The soft, fragrant powder-blue flowers are borne in heads up to 20cm Bin long from mid-summer until early autumn It is best planted ma mixed border, where its long stems can splay oul over lower-growing plants Height t 8-2 4m 6-Stt Spread ' 5-2 1m 5-7ft Cultivation Well-drained fertile soil in good light suits it. Because the flowers are borne on the new...

Picea pungens Thomsen

This eye-catching blue spruce has an upright, cone-like growth habit and branches packed with silvery-blue foliage. During spring, it develops a tresh growth of very pale silver-blue that contrasts with the older and darker foliage. It forms a small to medium-sized tree, reaching only 2-1 m 7ft high and 1 m 3 6 0 wide after ten years Height 9m 30ft Spread 3m 10ft Cultivation Moist deep soil acid or neutral - is best, and a position In slight shade or full sun. Propagation It is a grafted form...

Filmset

Herbacious Borders From Above

Modern Text Typesetting Ltd , England Printed in Betgium by Proost International Book Production, Tumhout Harmonies and Contrasts in Blues and Purples 12 Gardeners are tike painters, bul with a fresh canvas available to them only once a year Borders are planned. plant and seed catalogues avidly searched and gleaned for more vibrant and longer-lasting colours, and fellow gardeners consulted. But should you or your family have a liking for flowers of certain colours - perhaps those that contrast...

Ceanothus impressus

Cahfornian Lilac UK Santa Barbara Ceanothus USA This impressive evergreen shrub with a bushy habit is best grown against a warm wall. In the open it is not fully hardy. During spring. It reveals clusters of deep blue tlowers amid small deep green leaves with deeply impressed veins. Height 2 4-3m 8-1 Oft Spread t 8-2 4m 6-8ft Cultivation Light, fertile soil and a south or west-facing wall suit it best It tolerates lime in the soil No regular pruning is needed, other than initially shaping it...

Veronica teucrium

This hardy alpine veronica forms a clump of upright stems bearing mid to darkgreen. toothed lance-shaped leaves, with 5-7'5cm 2-3in long spikes of Sky blue flowers during most of summer Several cultivated varieties are available, which are lower growing than the original species these include Trehane golden-yellow leaves and pale blue flowers . Shirley Blue deep b'ue flowers and Rosea rose-pink towers and only 15cm 6in high Height 23-38cm 9-l5in Spread 45-60cm 1fe-2tt Cultivation Ordinary...

Garden Of Beauty

Names in italic lype are ttjose used in North America Achillea 41 Aconite 16 Aconite Wmtei 52 African Lily 16. 70 Agapanthus 7. 89 Algerian Ins 66 Althaea 91 Antirrhinums 17 Apple ol Peru 39 Aster 18 Baby Cyclamen 54 Band ptant 91 Bane. W ll s 16 Beiltlov er lialian 75 BelfflOW WtUow 45 Bell-flower amp j Squill 55 Balls Grassy 54 Bells Monastery 81 Bethlehem Slar o 75 Blading Star 36 Blue Buttons 91 Blue Passion Flower 81 Blue Poppy 67 Blue Poppy. Himalayan 67 Blue Spruce, K ster s 90 Blue Wind...

Echium plantagineum

This distinctive hardy annual from Europe has mid-green eaves and upturned blue or pale purple bell-shaped flowers from mid-summer onwards. Although it normally grows up to 90crn 3ft , several lower-growing forms at 30cm 1ft are available, including Blue Bedder' and Monarch Dwarf Hybrids' with blue, bink, lavender and white flowers Several other species of ech um can be grown nthegarden. neluding the bushy, hardy biennial Echium rubrum. From early to midsummer it displays 12mm Rjjtn long bright...

Trachymene caerulea

This is one ol the most delicate and pretty of all half-hardy annuals. It forms a bushy plant with light green deeply-divided foliage. The small, dainty, lavender-blue flowers are displayed in heads 2 5-5cm 1-2in wide and appear from mid-summer to autumn They are suitable tor cutting tor home decoration, but the leaves and stems are sticky to touch. Height 45cm 1jyt Spread 25-30cm 10-12m Cultivation Ordinary well-cultivated garden soil and a sunny, sheltered position suit it. Propagation Ounng...

Further plants to consider

Height 60-90cm 2-3ft Spread 75cm-1m C2 j-3 t A well-known evergreen hybrid shrub, wilh purple stems displaying dark green leaves From mid-summer lo autumn, it bears violet-purple Howers in spikes 4cm 1' jin long Height 90cm 3ft Spread' 60-90cm 2-3ftl A beautiful double-value somewhat lender evergreen shrub with mid-green and cream leaves The soft mauve ilowers borne in dense spikes 7 513cm 3-5m tong appear from mid-summer to autumn. It is ideal for setting in a mixed border where it creates...

Aster x frikartii

Gardens Beauty

This brightly-coloured hybrid aster between meliusand A thomsonii reveals 5cm 2in wide blue daisy like flowers with orange centres during late summer and well into autumn The variety Monch produces masses of ciear lavender-blue flowers with yellow rayed centres Height 75cm EJfcfO Spread 38- lt 5cm 15-1 Sin A superb hybrid aster bearing lavender-blue flowers dunng late summer and mto autumn it is useful tor providing colour earlier than Aster ameiius vaneties Cultivation Fertile well-drained...

And Trellis Fillers

If sparkling tinsel highlights Christmas trees, then the garden I equivalent or a trellis or pergola must be clematis, an extensive and varied group of climbers with flowers in many colours, including blue, mauve and purple It is usually the large-flowered forms that are grown and one of the best is Clematis x ackmann with violet-purple flowers from mid-summer to autumn This is especially attractive when grown with Rosa Mermaid' which has a rambling growth habit and large, single,...

Tradescantia virginiana and T x andersoniana are

Ideal for a mixed or herbaceous border Many plants combine well with them, including border geraniums and Campanula lactiflora Prltchards Blue Each flower is IQcm .4 in wide and ralher like a double paeony The colour range 'S wide including good purple varieties, as well as red violet, pink and yellow ones Division 3 Mendel 38-5Ocm 15-20in These flower later than the previous types, with rounded 50-13cm 4-5in wide blooms on somewhat slender stems. Colours include white and red as wen as yellow...

Tradescantia virginiana

Spiderwort Tnmty Flower UK Common Spiderwon Widows Tears USA This hardy herbaceous perennial, with smooth glossy, strap-like, dull-green leaves and long lasting. 2 5-4cm 1-1in wide, three-petalled flowers, is a delight throughout summer and into autumn it is the hybnds from T virginiana or 7 x andersomana ihai are mainly grown Some botanical authorities suggest these hybrids are derived from the former species, whileother botanists name the latter as a parent Whatever their or-gin, the...

Agapanthus campanulatus

This fleshy-rooted neatly hardy herbaceous plant tram Natal has mid-green, sword-like leaves that arise from Us base. During late summer, it reveals pale blue flowers in crowded, rounded heads, borne at the tops of long, stiff stems above the foliage. Several varieties extend the colour range from white to amethyst Isis has large heads of lavender-blue flowers Although not fully nardy it is ideal for a large tub on a warm and sheltered patio preferably facing south or west Height 60-75cm 2-2 ft...

Picea pungens Koster

This distinctive form of the Colorado Spruce has intensely blue foliage and a neat growth habit, lorming an upright and pyramidal shape up to 2 1m 7ft high and tm 32ft wide after ten years During spring, it Is further enhanced by pale blue tufts of new growth. Height 9m 30ft Spread 3m 10ft Cultivation Deep, moist soil-acid or neutral-is needed A position in full sun or slight shade suits it best Propagation It is grafted onto stocks of Picea pungens to produce a distinctive upright form The...

Gardens

There is a wealth of blue, mauve and violet-coloured plants for the rock garden or naturalized site. Many are of a bulbous nature, and produce corms, rhizomes or true bulbs. These include Autumn Crocus, Colchicum aulumnale, which, together with Colchicum speciosum, brings splashes of colour in autumn. Crocus tomasinianus and Glory of the Snow. Chionodoxa luciliae, flower in late winter and early spring. Then there is a wide range of irises Varieties such as Japanese Iris. Iris kaempferi. the...

Sisyrinchium bermudianum

Gardens Beauty

A hardy member of the iris family with stiff and erect narrow grey-green leaves and branched stems. At their tips, the stems bear 12mm ffiin wide, star-shaped, satin-blue, yellow-centred flowers from early summer until iateautumn. It is bestgrown in a rock garden Height 20-25cm 8-1 Oin Spread 15-23cm 6-9in Cultivation Well-drained, humus-enriched garden soil and a sunny position ensure success. In aulumn. cut off dead leaves and flowered stems Propagation It tends to readily increase itsett by...

Tecophilaea cyanocrocus

This beautiful. crocus-like, South American bulbous plant is not fully hardy In temperate regions, but is well worth growing for its gorgeous 4cm 1 tn long flowers, with deep blue to purple petals and white throats, which appear in spring Height 10-13cm 4-5Srr Spread 13-15cm 5-6inJ Cultivation In Its native Chile it grows on stony, well-drained slopes in the garden, therefore, it needs welt-drained sandy soil, and a warm and sunny position. It grows outdoors only in mild areas, free from severe...

Colchicum speciosum

Shrubs Flowering

Autumn Crocus UK This distinctive hardy corm-beanng plant from Asia Minor displays 30cm 1ft long. 10cm 4in wide leaves In spring and early summer In autumn, when the leaves have died back, its 15cm 6in high stems bear flowers in a wide range of colours, from white lo pinkish-lilac Chionodoxa luciliae is superb lor planting under the golden-yellow flowers of the Chinese Witch Hazel Hamamelis mollis It also blends perfectly with Narcissus cyclamineus 'February Gold' Colchicum autumnale the Autumn...

Corylus maxima Purpurea

This is a rich-purple-leaved form ol the Filbert a native ol Western Asia and Southern Europe It is a deciduous shrub which has large, heart-shaped leaves The whole shrub has an open, spreading growth habit, often becoming bare at its base. The parent form, Corylus maxima, was introduced into the British Isles in 1759 and soon became very popular for providing nuis It also soon spread to North America and m 1833 several distinct varieties were known to be in cultivation At one time it was...

Iris sibirica

Siberian Iris UK and USA J This versatile iris is suitable for a herbaceous border as well as the margins of an informal pond The slender, sword-like, mid-green leaves die down in winter The flowers are aboul 6 5cm 2J in wide and are borne during mid-summer. In the original species, they are in various shades of blue, with white veining on the 'fails' the three outer petals . Because the original species hybridizes freely, usually only hybrids are available Good ones are Heavenly Blue' rich...

Filipndula purpurea

A handsome though dominating hardy herbaceous perennial with large lobed leaves held on crimson stems and surmounted by large flat heads of small carminerose flowers during mid-summer Height 75cm-1 '2m 2 gt -4ft1 Spread 75-90cm 2 amp -3ft and more Cultivation An ideal plant for rich, fertile, moisture- retentive soli in partial shade, perhaps in a wild garden or at the side of an informal garden pond Propagation It Is easily Increased by lifting and dividing large clumps In autumn or spring. A...

Hydrangea macrophylla

Common Hydrangea UK French Hydrangea Hortensia USA This well-known deciduous and rounded shfut from Japan and China has oval, slightly pointed, coarsely-toothed light green leaves The llower-heads appear from mid to late summer There are two forms Honen amp a types and the Lacecaps The Hortensia forms have large globose heads, while the Lacecaps display flat flower heads formed almost entirely of sterile flowers with a flat disc-like corymb in ihe centre there is an area of tiny fertile lowers...

Cobea scandens

Cathedral Bells Cup arid Saucer Vine UK Mexican Ivy Monastery Bells Cup and Saucer Vine USA This spectacular Mexican hall-hardy perennial climber is best grown as a hail-hardy annual Fast-growing, ids ideal lor Ireliiswork and pergolas, displaying mid to dark green leaves lormed ol Ihree pairs of leaflets, and 6 5-7-5cm 2 amp -3tn long, bell-shaped purple flowers with green, saucer-like calyces outer protective pads from early to late summer In a greenhouse it soon reaches 6m 20ft but it does...

Index

Abies concolor Compacts 84 Abies con color Glauca Com pacta' 84 Abies concolor Violacea Prostrate 84 Abu I iion striatum 17 AQuiiion thompso 17 Abutilon vifitolium 78 Acanthus mollis 19 Achillea lilipendula Coronation Gold 16 Acomlum napellus 16 Aconitum wilsonli 16 Barker's Variety 16 Kelmscott Variety 16 Adamsa scilloides 62 Agapanttius campanuiatus 70 Agapanthus Headbourne Hybrids 16 Ageratum houstomanum 17 Adriatic Blue 17 Blue Cap 17 Ageratum rriexicarium 17 AiuQh re plans 45 Alchemilla...

Cotinus coggygria Notcutts Variety

Cotinus Coggygria Notcutts

This hardy deciduous shrub has eye-catching deep purple leaves that never lose their freshness and are ultimately semi-translucent. It also bears feathery purple flowers during mid-summer Height 3 5-4 5m 12-I5ft Spread 3-3 5m 10-12ftj Cultivation Any good well-drained garden soil and a position in full sun suit it Avoid rich soils, as it produces the best colour when in poor conditions No regular pruning is needed, other than initially shaping the plant when young Propagation During late...