Akania Tropaeolum

Cladogram of the capparalean mustard oil taxa including the non-glucosinolate but myrosin-containing Koeberlinia based on combined rbcL and morphological data. The bar marks the synapomorphy of the 3'rbcL extension. Bootstrap values above die branches numbers of character changes molecular and morphologic and decay steps below. Rodman et al. 1996 Caricaceae and Moringaceae third, one comprising all remaining 11 families. Within this 11-family subclade higher Capparales , the sister...

Akaniaceae

Akaniaceae Leaf

Inf. 1912 380 1912 , nom. cons. Bretschneideraceae Engl. 8t Gilg 1924 , nom. cons. Trees leaves alternate, imparipinnate, leaflets entire or serrate stipules small or reduced inflorescences axillary or terminal, simple racemes or paniculate, bracts minute or lacking flowers actinomorphic or somewhat zygomorphic, hermaphroditic receptacle cupular sepals 5, imbricate petals 5, longer than sepals, clawed or slightly constricted at base, contorted or imbricate with the...

Ancistrodadaceae

Ancistrocladus Heyneanus Wall

Ancistrodadaceae Planch, ex Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 2 175 Large woody lianas branches sympodial with a series of circinate woody hooks in one plane. Leaves alternate, often crowded in rosettes on lateral flowering shoots, simple, entire stipules small and caducous petioles articulated, often leaving a saddle-shaped scar on the twigs. Inflorescences racemes, spikes or dichasially branched panicles. Flowers bisexual regular, usually less than 2 cm in diameter calyx tube at first short, at length...

Diegodendron Diegodendraceae l Bixa Bixaceae

Cladogram of Malvalcs, based on the eudicot rbcL matrix of Savolainen Fay et al. 2000 , and the Tepuianthus sequences generously supplied by K. Wurdack and J. Horn Sapindales were used as outgroup omitted . The numbers above the branches are estimated substitutions ACCTRAN optimisation the percentages below are bootstrap frequencies estimated using equal weighting. The tree illustrated is one of eight, equally parsimonious trees selected by using successive approximation weighting....

Preface

When more than two decades ago this series was planned, classification at the level of higher categories was rather contentious and considered to be of little concern for this book series. Through the advancement of molecular systematics within the last decade, the outlines of a phylogenetically based family scheme of angiosperms have become available. This phylogenetic scheme for the first time made meaningful broader comparisons feasible and is adopted here as a guideline for the...

Asteropeiaceae

Asteropeiaceae Description

Takht ex Reveal amp Hoogl. in Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia 12 205 1990 . Small to tall trees and scrambling shrubs. Leaves alternate, entire, simple, shortly petiolate, exstipu-late. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, many-flowered, thyrso-paniculate flowers perfect, the pedicels with or without 2-8 spirally-set minute caducous bracts transversal prophylls lacking. Sepals 5, imbricate, persistent, fused at base, accrescent in fruit. Petals 5, distinct,...

Bataceae

Batis Argillicola

Gen., Tab. Diagn. 349 Low shrubs, often nodding to prostrate, glabrous or glabrescent dioecious Batis maritima L. or monoecious Batis argillicola van Royen . Leaves decussate, simple, obovoid or linear, succulent, sessile stipules minute, caducous. Flowers in condensed cone-like catkins or in lax spike-like inflorescences, subtended by bracts, sub sessile. Male flowers with a sheath that splits into 2 lobes petals 4, long-clawed stamens 4, alternipetalous,...

Bixaceae

Calyx Trapa Bispinosa

Bixaceae Link, Handb. 2 371 1831 , nom. cons. Evergreen trees or shrubs with yellow or reddish sap. Leaves, fruits and young parts of stems with brown peltate hairs. Leaves alternate, simple and entire, palmatinerved, long-petiolate, stipulate. Flowers in terminal thyrsoids, large and showy, bisexual, hypogynous, actinomorphic. Pedicels with 5 conspicuous glands below the calyx. Sepals 5, free, imbricate, caducous. Petals 5, free, imbricate, alternating with sepals, white or pink. Stamens...

Introduction to Capparales

The concept of the order Capparales as presented here has a complex history. It is true that a close relationship among Capparaceae, Cruciferae and Resedaceae had been assumed by early plant sys-tematists. Originally, these families, together with Papaveraceae, were accommodated in an order named Rhoeadales, and the disymmetric floral structure of Papaveraceae and Cruciferae seemed to provide a convincing link between them. The first to recognise the hybrid nature of this construct was Hallier...