Constructed Wetland Requires Four Components For Functional Success

  1. A substrate (such as gravel)
  2. Aquatic plants

3) Water

4) Naturally occurring microorganisms (both aerobic and anaerobic)

Two or more growing seasons may be necessary before plants are completely established.

Sources: University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Circular 912, Aquascaping: Planting and Maintenance. and National Small Flows Clearinghouse, Pipeline, Summer 1998, Vol. 9, No. 3: Constructed Wetlands, A Natural Treatment Alternative.

River bulrush Scirpus flaviatilis

Common reed Phragmites austral is

Salt rush

Juncus balticus

River bulrush Scirpus flaviatilis

Salt rush

Juncus balticus

Lake sedge Carex lacustris

Broad-leaved cattail Typha latifolia

Plants for constructed wetlands can be purchased from a greenhouse or supplier. Nature, however, may ultimately play a major role in deciding what plants thrive in your constructed wetland.

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