White, cofounder of Cornell University, writes, Nearly twenty centuries since the rise of Christianity, and down to a period within living memory, at the appearance of any pestilence the Church authorities, instead of devising sanitary measures, have very generally preached the necessity of immediate atonement for offenses against the Almighty. In the principal towns of Europe, as well as in the country at large, down to a recent period, the most ordinary sanitary precautions were neglected, and pestilences continued to be attributed to the wrath of God or the malice of Satan. 9 Interestingly, after the Black Death left its grim wake across Europe, an immensely increased proportion of the landed and personal property of every European country was in the hands of the church. 11 Apparently, the church was reaping some benefit from the deaths of huge numbers of people. Perhaps the church had a vested interest in maintaining public ignorance about the sources of disease. This...
I have also found very little information on flowering plants and trees grown for aesthetic rather than practical purposes, such as are a common feature of modern Greek monastery courtyards (Fig. 18). There are some archaeological indications at the monastery of Khirbet-ed-Deir in the Judean desert that vines were grown on a trellis to provide shade for the courtyard,62 and the Lausiac History of Palladios describes a grapevine that grew all over the church at the Douka monastery near Jericho.63
The next move of the large seed-growing consortiums was to have been seed-patenting legislation. At this point, a lot of people started to get a bit suspicious. The patenting of biological materials was a slightly suspicious move. Then the World Council of Churches looked into the situation and produced Seeds of the Earth. The cat was out of the bag. So there has been a general ground-level revolt against takeover of a basic resource. Kent Whealy's Seed Savers Exchange is just one of these moves.
In many cases, these group gardens are sponsored or coordinated by the City Parks and Recreation Department. In others, they are backed by local businesses, the YWCA churches, and many other organizations. In Appleton, Wisconsin, the Sacred Heart Church's garden project rented seven acres of land (tagged The Papal Gardens') from a local farmer and divided it into 259 10 x 100 foot plots. And in Asheville, North Carolina, an enthusiastic local gardener convinced the YWCA to transform a weed lot into a community garden project for retired people.
Of course, you could always give them to the needy through a local church or charitable organization that feeds or distributes food to the underprivileged. Get a receipt for the amount, multiply that by the fair market value, and you've got yourself a dandy tax deduction that means real dollars to you.
Of course, composting is an act of humility. The people who care enough about the earth to recycle their personal by-products do so as an exercise in humility, not because they're going to get rich and famous for it. That makes them better people. Some people go to church on Sunday, others make compost. Still others do both. Others go to church on Sunday, then throw all their garbage out into the environment. The exercising of the human spirit can take many forms, and the simple act of cleaning up after oneself is one of them. The careless dumping of waste out into the world is a self-centered act of arrogance or ignorance.
The leaves of Goat willow are oval in outline, with well marked veins they open early in the spring. The catkins are rounded and showy as they open before the leaves, in late March. They are often gathered for decoration. In many districts they are known as 'palm,' because they are sometimes used to ornament churches on Palm Sunday, instead of real eastern palm leaves. Book of Leviticus, chapter 23, verse 40 'And ye shall take on the firsttiay the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook.'
Push the scion gently but firmly down into the rootstock cut. Leave a small portion of the cut scion surface exposed above the root-stock. This will encourage the development of callus tissues, and it is known as the church window effect. As the grafted parts unite, the exposed cut surfaces will start callusing. This can be seen in the church window just above the cut surface of the rootstock, where the callus tissues interlock and provide rigidity.