J. D. Brackenridge, a botanist accompanying an expedition in the Mt. Shasta area of California, U.S.A., is credited with discovering Darlingtonia. After studying some specimens, J. Torrey concluded that there were sufficient differences between them and Sarracenia plants to warrant the formation of a new genus, which was named in honor of Torrey's friend and outstanding biologist Dr. W. Darlington. Later the name Darlingtonia californica was discovered to be invalid according to the international rules for naming plants and it was changed to Chrysamphora californica. This name was subsequently changed back to Darlingtonia californica because of widespread usage of the original name. Common names include Cobra Lily, California Pitcher Plant, and Cobra Plant.

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