Cephalotus follicularis, commonly known as the Australian Pitcher Plant, was first collected by Archibald Menzies, a naturalist with the Vancouver expedition of 1791. In 1792 La Billardiere, a naturalist with a French expedition, encountered the same plant on the Island of Esperance Bay and mainland Australia whereupon he described the plant and named it Cephalotus follicularis. Cephalotus is derived from the Greek word "kephalotus" meaning headed, referring to the open anthers of the stamen. The term "follicularis," referring to a small bag or pod, relates to the modified leaf structure.

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