Almonds

The almond's kinship to the peach is evident at all times of the year—from bare tree to peachlike blossoms and leaves, and even to the, green, inedible fruit surrounding the edible kernel that is the almond.

Almond trees produce best in California and Arizona where spring frosts and summer rain are rare. But the regions in which they bear well constitute only a fraction of their growing range. Almonds typically flower very early and they are highly vulnerable to frost. If the flowers escape

Post Harvest Almond Fungi
'Hall' almond

Shot hole and Rhizopus fungus can ruin crops of almonds if rains occur in springtime or summer. Navel orange worms make wormy kernels if almonds are not sprayed at hull crack (split-hull) stage or harvested promptly or if old nuts are left on the tree where worms can overwinter. Mites may attack foliage. Birds are a big problem: They will flock to a heavily fruiting tree.

Varieties

'All-in-One' This variety flowers between mid- and late season and is self-fruitful. The tree is small and bears heavy crops of soft-shelled 'Nonpa-reil'-quality nuts. Use as pollinator for 'Nonpareil' and 'Texas'. Origin: California. 'Garden Prince' The flowers bloom in midseason and the tree is self-fruitful. This is a genetic dwarf that grows only 10 to 12 feet tall at maturity. It is small enough to be used as a container tree. The medium-sized nuts are sweet and soft shelled. Origin: California. 'Hall' ('Hall's Hardy') This late-flowering almond bears heavy crops. The medium-

sized, sweet-flavored nuts have hard shells. The tree is partially self-fruitful but bears heavier crops with pollinator 'Texas'. Origin: Kansas. 'Ne Plus Ultra' ('Neplus') This variety flowers very early and is not a good choice for late-frost regions. Nuts are large, long, and narrow in soft shells. A good pollinator for this one is 'Nonpareil'. Origin: California.

'Nonpareil' A midseason bloomer, this is the standard commercial almond. It is adapted to nearly all almond-growing areas but experiences bud failure in the hottest regions. The nut is large and thin-shelled with excellent flavor. Pollinators are All-in-One', 'Hall", 'Ne Plus Ultra', or 'Texas'. Origin: California. 'Texas' ('Mission') The flowers form late, and the tree bears heavily. The nuts are hard shelled and small, with a sweet almond flavor. Pollinators are 'All-in-One', 'Hall', or 'Nonpareil'. Origin: Texas.

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