Ayurveda the Science of Life
In 1978, German Federal Health Agency (now called the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices) established an expert committee on herbal remedies (called Commission E). The Commission E is composed of 24 members, including physicians, pharmacists, non-medical practitioners, pharmacologists, toxicolo-gists, biostatisticians, and representatives of the pharmaceutical industry. Fifty percent are experts from clinical therapeutic field. There are 13 full university professors on the Commission. The interdisciplinary nature of Commission E is unique in the world. The safety and efficacy of over 380 herbs have been assessed by the Commission. The World Health Organization (WHO) published Guidelines for the Assessment of Herbal Medicines in 1991. Subsequently, The WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, Vol 1 was published in 1999 and Vol 2 in 2003. Vol. 3 is the latest addition. These volumes contain 28, 29 and 31 monographs respectively. American Botanical Council, Austin,...
He was born into a family of herbal physicians. He studied the original Ayurvedic texts and acquired first-hand knowledge of the cultivation and processing of herbs and their usage even before going to college. He has also been included among the directors of Dabur Ayurvedic Specialities Ltd., a herbal major in India. This reference work is the outcome of ten years of in-depth study and literary research of more than 2000 plant sources of Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha systems of Indian medicine. By the same author East and West integrative 400 detailed monographs on Indian medicinal plants in contemporary setup Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants Indian Herbal Remedies. Published by Springer.
Accepted Sources Based on Appendix of Ayurvedic Formulary of India, 2003. Other sources Based on Ayurvedic Drugs and their Plant Sources, V V Sivarajan and Indira Balachandran, 1994 Formulary of Ayurvedic Medicines, IMPCOPS, Chennai, 1987 K. Vasude-van Nair et al., Ancient Sc Life, 5(1) 49-53,1985 Plants ofBhava Prakash and Medicinal Plants used in Ayurveda, Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth, 1999,1998.
Ayurvedic Visha, Shringika-Visha, Vatsanaabha (related sp.). Action Sedative, antirheumatic, analgesic, antitussive, antidiar-rhoeal. Ayurvedic Formulary of India, Part I and Part II, equated A. chasmanthum with Vatsanaabha. (See A.ferox.) It has the same uses as A. ferox. The alkaloid content of the root ranges from 2.98 to 3.11 includes chasmaconitine and chasmanthinine.
AFI The Ayurvedic Formulary of India Revised English Edition API The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part I, Volume British Herbal Ed. Bradley PR., published by British Herbal Medicine British Herbal Published by British Herbal Medicine Association, CCRAS Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha, New Delhi. Standard Nomenclature of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants. Lucknow. Dictionary of Indian Medicinal Plants, Akhtar Husain et al., 1992. PDR PDR for Herbal Medicines, Third Edition, 2005,
Ayurvedic Krishna jiraka, Jiraa, Kaaravi, Asita Jiraka, Kaashmira-jiraka, Prithvikaa, Upakunchikaa, Sugandha Udgaar, Shodhana. Key application Seed oil in dyspeptic problems, such as mild, sapstic conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, bloating and fullness. (German Commission E, ESCOP, The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.) The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommended the seed in chronic fevers.
As you would otherwise How long could you last without water or air We all have basic requirements necessary to maintain a healthy body. These include oxygen, water, carbohydrates, and other nutrients. Plants are no different. They require these things as well, and it is the job of the horticulturist to make sure that they get them.
Invest in an HID light (Metal Halide for leafy plants - HPS for flowering & fruiting plants). I use a 400 watt metal halide lamp with reflective hood to light nearly four gardens simultaneously and with excellent results. Since HID lights aren't exactly cheap, you may choose to substitute high output fluorescents instead, but in the long run, you'll get more light output and certainly more yield with an HID lamp. Either way you grow, try to get at least 20 watts per square foot of garden for best results. I prefer 30-40 watts per square foot of garden as the extra light makes a BIG difference. On the following page I briefly describe each system you can build. I recommended the lamp sizes based on the growing area of each respective garden. If you were to illuminate more than one garden at a time, you can use this simple formula to determine your lighting requirements. Multiply your growing area width by its length and the result by 20-40 watts (depending on crop) - the result is your...
In any event, half-compost and half-native soil isn't excessive. Some really keen vegetable gardeners forgo native soil altogether and use 100 percent compost to grow incredible crops. Using solely compost is most feasible in raised beds. Roots relish it. You can get healthier, happier plants.
If you want to grow indoors, plan on investing in an HID light. (see this book's lighting section for information on what kind of light will work best for your needs). I use a 400 watt metal halide lamp with reflective hood to light nearly four small gardens simultaneously, with excellent results. You may choose to substitute high output fluorescent instead, but you'll get more light output, and certainly more yield, with an HID lamp. In planning your light coverage for your new garden, try to get at least 30-40 watts of light per square foot of garden. I prefer 40 to 50 watts per square foot of garden, because I have found that the extra light makes a big difference. So plan ahead, and decide on your lamp sizes based on the growing area of each garden. If you want to illuminate more than one garden at a time, you can use this simple formula to determine your lighting requirements. Multiply your growing area's width by its length, and the resulting sum by 30 to 50 watts (depending on...
This guide is intended for amateur plant breeders, usually members of a plant breeding club, who need a quick reference to terms that they may encounter in the course of conversation or reading. For readers who enjoy browsing, the guide should also be a source of information for anyone wanting to get away from the modern prejudices that favour single-genes, genetic engineering, and crop protection chemicals. It is also a guide for organic farmers, and for those interested in sustainable agriculture, pure food, and a healthy lifestyle.
Stringent quality requirements apply to the acceptance of medicinal herbs as raw materials for the manufacture of herbal medicines. The quality requirements are prescribed by the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration through the Code of Good Manufacturing Practice.
For example, a recently published book on the topic of recycling human waste begins with the following disclaimer Recycling human waste can be extremely dangerous to your health, the health of your community and the health of the soil. Because of the current limits to general public knowledge, we strongly discourage the recycling of human waste on an individual or community basis at this time and cannot assume responsibility for the results that occur from practicing any of the methods described in this publication. The author adds, Before experimenting, obtain permission from your local health authority since the health risks are great. The author then elaborates upon a human waste composting methodology which includes segregating urine from feces, collecting the manure in 30 gallon plastic containers, and using straw rather than sawdust as a cover material in the toilet.2 All three of these procedures are ones I would discourage based on my 26 years of humanure composting experience...
Fertile soil yields better food, thereby promoting good health. The Hunzas of northern India have been studied to a great extent. Sir Albert Howard reported, When the health and physique of the various northern Indian races were studied in detail, the best were those of the Hunzas, a hardy, agile, and vigorous people living in one of the high mountain valleys of the Gilgit Agency . . . There is little or no difference between the kinds of food eaten by these hillmen and by the rest of northern India. There is, however, a great difference in the way these foods are grown . . . T he very greatest care is taken to return to the soil all human, animal and vegetable refuse after being first composted together. Land is limited upon the way it is looked after, life depends. 9
Herbal medicine made by steeping fresh or dried herbs in a solvent, typically alcohol. Because they are concentrated, tinctures are convenient to use and easy to consume. You'll use them by the drop rather than by the quart or the cup. Tinctures also store well they'll keep for five years or more in a cool, dark place.
A balanced diet provides a basis for good health and helps to protect us from serious illnesses such as coronary heart disease, diabetes and cancers. Healthy eating can also prevent tooth decay and weight gain. In Scotland, all of these problems are more common than in most other countries in Europe.
The horizontal resistance to one species of parasite does not normally function against any other species of parasite. Comprehensive horizontal resistance means that a cultivar has high levels of horizontal resistance to all the locally important species of parasite. This is achieved during breeding by selecting for the one character of 'good health' (i.e., the holistic approach).
Seed can be certified in a number of ways. True seeds can be certified with respect to their identity, purity, trueness to type, freedom from diseases, and germination percentage. Plant parts used for vegetative propagation (e.g., tubers, setts, rooted cuttings) are often certified in the same way. Note that cultivar that require seed that is certified free from disease are usually very susceptible, otherwise such certification, which is expensive, would not be necessary. One of the many objectives of amateur plant breeding is to develop horizontal resistance to the point that certification for freedom from disease is no longer required. CGIAR
The textual sources on Byzantine monasteries contain only the scantiest of allusions (and those indirect) to medicinal herb gardens, such as are familiar to devotees of Brother Cadfael, the twelfth-century Welsh herbalist detective created by Ellis Peters. Even so, I would argue that most Byzantine monasteries must have grown herbs for medicinal and culinary purposes, despite the virtual lack of hard evidence.54 I draw this conclusion from the following facts Byzantine monastic complexes often included infirmaries and hospitals, both for their own religious and for laypeople the hospitals employed pharmacists, who prepared the herbal remedies that were staples of both traditional Greco-Roman and popular medical practice 55 the aromatic herbs used in cooking and the preparation of hot drinks Stories from hagiographic texts provide further indications that monks had some familiarity with herbal medicine and that medicinal herbs were used in a monastic context in the Byzantine era....
Foliar fertilise cabbages regularly to promote health and uninterrupted growth. Cutworm, which can cut off young seedlings at the base, can be controlled by placing a match into the soil next to the stalk of the plant. Protect them from cabbage butterfly with Dipel. Cabbage is an excellent source of vitamins and minerals, and was used in ancient times because of its health-giving qualities.
Preparing the raised bed is the most important step in grow biointensive gardening. Proper soil structure and nutrients allow uninterrupted and healthy plant growth. Loose soil with good nutrients enables roots to penetrate the soil easily, and a steady stream of nutrients can flow into the stem and leaves. How different from the usual situation when a plant is transferred from a flat with loose soil and proper nutrients into a hastily prepared backyard plot or a chemically stimulated field. Not only does that plant suffer from the shock of being uprooted, it is also placed in an environment where it is more difficult to grow. The growth is interrupted, the roots have difficulty getting through the soil and obtaining food, and the plant develops more carbohydrates and less protein than usual. Insects like the carbohydrates. The plant becomes more susceptible to insect attack and ultimately to disease. A debilitating cycle has begun that often ends in the use of pesticides that kill...
I think the main reason I grow vegetables stems from happy childhood memories, ol sitting on the back steps at the end of summer, slurping a freshly picked, sun-warmed tomato, the juice tickling and pouring down my chin. Unbeatable flavor straight from the garden. As a child, I enjoyed only the harvest. As an adult. I love the exercise and good health that come from
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